Scientists of the South Ural State University study, how collectives moved across the territory of the South Urals in the Bronze Age and where individuals came from. The university received a grant for the development of a large-scale project, which will allow tracking the migration of ancient people and will become the basis for further research in this topic in other territories. The project is supervised by the chief researcher REC for Eurasian Studies, d.i.n.. Andrey Epimakhov.
- Andrew Vladimirovich, RSF supported the project “Migration of Human Collectives and Individual Mobility in the Framework of Multidisciplinary Analysis of Archaeological Information (Bronze Age of the Southern Urals)». Tell us about this project?
- Mobility is quality, inherent in humanity, one of the main mechanisms of its adaptation. can say, that we are not only homo sapiens, but also homo mobilis. However, very little is known about human migration today.. And within the framework of the project, we intend to find out, how did the population move within a relatively small region - the Chelyabinsk region.
Migrations took place in every historical period and continue now, but we chose the Bronze Age to study. The fact, that this particular epoch has been most well studied in the Southern Urals, which means, we will have more objects for analysis.
At the same time, the team is faced with the task of not just creating a tool for diagnosing the degree of population mobility in the past, but also to work out the methodological aspect for future research.
- What is the essence of the tool for diagnosing the movement of people?
- Tool is a basemap, "Superimposing" on which the samples found during excavations, it will be possible to determine, how they appeared in the study area. Thanks to, that the Urals has a very complex geological structure, researching this issue is easier. After all, rocks affect the trace element composition of water, soil, plants, animals and humans. And if the composition does not match the local, we can analyze, which territory is it closer to…
…- Who are you working with on the project?
- To work on the project, we created the Ural collaboration, into which different organizations have integrated. Forces involved Institute of Mineralogy, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Miass, Institute of Geography RAS (Moscow), as well as the Institute of Geology and Geochemistry named after. Academician Zavaritsky Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Yekaterinburg. Work requires a synthesis of different information, therefore archaeologists interact in our team, geologists, geochemistry…