In the reserve we have lived with 1948 by 1963 gg.
When my father, Molchanov Viktor, Agriculture took, it was in poor condition.
Little old stables, horses were exhausted, and some were hung on the belts, because the stand could not. Forage and hay was gone.
Then father went to the first secretary of the city party committee A. Palashkevich. and I asked for help. He listened attentively to him and called the director of auxiliary services of the city, which was in Turgoyak, where it is built "village kulak", and asked for help.
After his call, forage and hay for horses were allocated to the reserve., and subsistence farming during the spring helped with planting. were sown: one field of oats (the top field), bottom field sown with clover (district Selyankyno). Also in the sector was the installation (shpalorezka), by means of which was harvested timber, and the construction of houses. two houses were built and shop, Construction started on the stables 15 horses. The first built house of timber allocated for housing researchers BA. Makarochkinu and F.E. Bogan. The second house is made for living travel, ie. type of hotel.
A rich harvest of oats was taken in the fall, clover. Oats have filled in all the barns on the kitchen courtyard.
Also in the construction sector were: small carpentry workshop (carpenter Alymushkyn), smithy (smith Kashigin). In one of the houses it was organized and opened a kindergarten. Head was my mom Maria Andreevna. Kindergarten was a small. The staff consisted of head chef and part-time teacher. At the beginning of the opening d / c it was only 12 children of all ages. Further, due to the increasing number of children, to d / c was given to larger premises, and increased staff.
The cook was Shatokhina Elena Aleksandrovna. Educator Niharoshkova Serafima Petrovna, Lopatin nurse Natalia, muses. worker - German Hristyanovich Shraygel. AT 1960 kindergarten was built on 25 places with water heating around the clock and finding children. Significantly increased staff. The audit d / c ranked first in the city of design and looks areas. Great job on the design and manufacture of snow figures done Petrakov Aunt Shura. She had a natural gift, She could make a picture of any piece of snow.
The reserve staff included: a carpenter, joiner, two grooms (which is responsible for clock duty in the stable yard), electrician, technically, two drivers, Pecnik, miners - 4 man, Total 12 person. Miners in the summer engaged in clearing mines, laying the new pits for scientific work. In winter - firewood for heating and other chores. In the mid 50s four semi-detached houses have been laid, It built a new room, completed the construction of stables, expanded garage for motor vehicles with two to four visits. In connection with the completion of construction of houses were demolished 3 barracks.
An important role in the livelihood of the reserve played stables. them to provide: supply of firewood, Shuttle and harvesting, water in their homes 3 times a week and were transported to the schedule on horseback. For supply of water people paid. As a payment issued to metal tags indicating the number of buckets. Tags purchased in accounting, there were sold and bath Tag. In summer time, except for miners, all the men in the household engaged in hay and forage for horses. The so-called "state-owned meadows" is in the area of Lake Tatkul. People were taken there for a week: from Monday to Saturday, depending on weather conditions.
Supervised reserve in those 40-egody Appolinarevich Vasily Vasnetsov, a relative of the famous painter. Scientific secretary was Ushkov Sergei L., way. Director by an economic part was Molchanov Viktor. Chief of the Forest Department was Moscow.
On the territory of the reserve was a chemical laboratory, which led Postoeva Nina G.. The staff consisted of engineers - Ganibesova Claudia Andreevna, Makarochkin Boris Alexandrovich.
The reserve museum worked only in the summer, in the winter it was closed and the staff involved in the preparation for the new season. Head of the museum was Reinicke Bruno K.. The museum was a small staff of guides, which conducted guided tours of developed routes. This - the nearest tower, the mountain IlmenTau, Falcon Mount et al. routes. Scientific employees worked in the left wing of the museum reserve.
The museum had a biological paddock, where wild animals are housed: hair, moose. In winter they feed harvested as hay and twigs of aspen.
Fire safety was carried out by a small fire room, in which there was a fire-fighting equipment (shovel, brooms, fair weather), manual fire engine. All of this was found in a cart, It was later received fire engines.
Communication with the reserve was by telephone, the battery was in the room pozharki. Communication with the cordons was a field telephone sample devices. Also in the room was attached stables.
Nearby was a residential building, which is home to the fire inspector, responsible for all this economy.
There was a club in the reserve, where movies were shown twice a week. The Clubhouse has a mobile library, which was in charge of Filroze Evdokia Alexandrovna. After her death, my mother was in charge of the library Bazhenova Alfred G. - Elena. The club was a drama group for children and seniors. staged productions. Children's drama club led Filroze EA, and adults - Shatokhina Elena, later Grabkova Valentina. In those days, organized for school children visits weekend to cordon Reserve. Led forays young couple – Alfred G. and Lyudmila Bazhenova Fedorovna.
In the 1950s, the construction of a laboratory and a campus for scientists at Lake. B. Miassovo. On reserve two carriages was obtained with a set of prefabricated panel houses, who she was transferred from the station Miass-1 to B. Miassovo. Transportation is carried out by the internal road 14 a fleet of cars. As soon as possible 4 4-x apartment buildings have been collected. Construction of transmission lines held a team from Ekaterinburg. All work was carried out at an accelerated rate. Less than a year the settlement and the laboratory was put into operation.
For raw materials for the laboratory traveled in a special vehicle Molchanov V.A., All the details were kept secret. Supervised laboratory Nikolay Timofeev-Ressovsky.
In the late 50's were built tractor and box room smithy, installed sawmill. Obtained was a tractor-bulldozer ChTZ-80, to which were manufactured sled. On them in the winter to transport goods from the region B. Miassovo, and also carries out clearing roads. During the summer, we were repairs of roads. Tractor was then Timonov Peter T.. Paramedics worked Volgina Tatiana Semyonovna, which then was replaced by Boris Mukhin.
All reserve management is a 2-storey wooden building. On 1 floor - office deputy. director, forest department, Accounting. On 2 floor - office director of reserve, scientific secretary and reception.
Accounting headed Korzh Athanasius Eremeevich, accountant was his wife, cashier Nadezhda Mikryukova. For trips to the bank stood transport in the form of a horse-drawn during the summer in "walker", and in winter - sledge-sledge or "koshevka". The Bank was in the old part of town. The route goes along the shore of Lake Ilmen to n. İlmenskiy, then through the mountain. In the winter time - on the lake. Later, when there was a motor transport, drove a car.
To prevent fish from fading in the lakes, in winter installed aerators, which air was pumped under ice. Installations were on the lakes Ilmen, Argayaş, Tatkul. Directed and set them Reshetnikov researcher Peter M..
The settlement "Bog"
Before the war, were harvesting peat for power plant, who was in the area of art. Miass-1, settlement around it was called "Strength". At the reserve was village, which was called "peat bog". It consisted of several houses and barracks. Currently, there was one house, which is located cordon "Bog". earlier, when there was a village, it was placed in an ungraded school, where the teacher was my great-grandma Nadezhda Rusakova.
Briquettes prepared peat were exported through a narrow gauge railway from the second section to the thermal power plant.
In the 50's began construction of a large village, "the Lake", Previously called p / b №17. For its protection has been deployed in / part, which was located, since the end of the street Labor to barracks, which was called 100 house. On the territory / part it was built barracks for officers, He called the officers' barracks, a large dining room, garage 6 entries. The soldiers lived in tents warmed. The soldiers were engaged in road construction, unloading wagons arriving cargo and protection. The cargo is delivered by an internal road through the reserve. Military road was built. They were mostly people from Western Ukraine, so, as they walked systems, then sang the song on the beautiful Ukrainian language. Later they were replaced by soldiers from Azerbaijan.
At the end in / of the construction of the road was transferred to 12 kilometer, which it was organized by the checkpoint. Location was on the hill, on the other hand had not yet existing cordon "Long Kuria".
In the 50s people, living on the reserve, held part-time farm. This livestock, chickens, geese, cow. During the summer, all engaged in hay for the winter. Each house had homestead and outbuildings. Many of the employees had no experience of Livestock, and they had difficult.
There was an incident. once, bypassing the village, my father saw this picture: from residential house windows looked at him a cow. The tenant was Skarutsky Anton Antonovich. the question: "Why is a beast in the apartment?“, was the answer given: "It's cold in the barn". It was decided to immediately transfer a cow shed. But ... by the time the cow could no longer pass through the door, as there was a calf. I had to urgently cut out window opening, to output the cow.
Road. Director of the Reserve for General Matters 1982 by 2007 gg.
Memories of veterans to 100-anniversary of the Ilmensky reserve